The main principles of the Montessori method are:
Dr Maria Montessori (1870-1952) was an Italian physician, educator,
philosopher and humanitarian. She is best known for her philosophy and method
of education of children from birth to adolescence. She was the first female
doctor of medicine in Italy, and through her interest in paediatrics, psychiatry
and educational theory, she proposed her own philosophy of child development.
This forms the basis for the successful and enduring teaching method known as
All Children Have Absorbent Minds
They have a phenomenal inborn ability to learn with ease, especially from birth
to the age of 6 years, but to reach their full potential their environment must
be rich with learning opportunities. On entering the Montessori classroom, your
child will instantly be able to choose from a great range of activities
appropriate to his stage of development.
Children Have An Inborn Drive To Learn
Hence the barrage of how and why questions. In the Montessori classroom the
teacher does not impose learning on your child but harnesses this desire to
learn, guiding your child within a carefully structured environment designed to
help him reach his full potential.
Children Learn Through Being Active
Few young children are good at sitting and listening. They learn in an active,
concrete way. Most activities are self-correcting, so after being shown once,
your child learns through exploring and experimenting with this unique material.
From their earliest days in school, children are introduced in a fun and
practical way to a far-reaching curriculum including numeracy, literacy,
science, history, geography, music, art, games and dance, languages and social
Children Pass Through 'Sensitive Periods'
These are phases in a child's life when he becomes particularly interested in
certain skills, and learning is therefore especially fast and acute. An obvious
example is the sensitive period for language development from birth to 4 years.
In the classroom your child is given the freedom to choose his activities and
therefore can focus on his particular interests until he moves on to his next